Tag Archive 'prevalencia'

Martes 28 / mayo / 2013

Prevalence, awareness, treatment and control of hypertension in adults with diagnosed diabetes: The Fourth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES IV)

Filed under: comentario — Mario Hernández Cueto — mayo 28th, 2013 — 13:57

Prevalence, awareness, treatment and control of hypertension in adults with diagnosed diabetes: The Fourth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES IV)

ComentandoPor: H-S Lee, S-S Lee, I-Y Hwang, Y-J Park, S-H Yoon, K Han, J-W Son, S-H Ko, Y G Park, H W Yim, W-C Lee y Y-M Park.  Journal of Human Hypertension (2013) 27, 381–387.

Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are life threatening and carry great socioeconomic costs in industrialized countries. CVDs are associated with several modifiable risk factors such as physical inactivity, smoking, obesity, hypercholesterolemia and hypertension. We evaluated the prevalence, awareness, treatment and control of hypertension in Korean adults with diagnosed diabetes using nationally representative data. Among subjects aged greater than or equal to30 years who participated in the Fourth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey in 2007 and 2008, a total of 745 subjects (336 men and 409 women) with a previous diagnosis of diabetes mellitus were analyzed. The prevalence of hypertension in adults with diagnosed diabetes was 55.5%. The rates of awareness, treatment and control were 88.0, 94.2, and 30.8%, respectively.  [Actualizado: 28 de mayo 2013].

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Jueves 2 / mayo / 2013

Blacks and whites in the Cuba have equal prevalence of hypertension: confirmation from a new population survey

Filed under: investigaciones — Mario Hernández Cueto — mayo 2nd, 2013 — 11:26

Esta sección expone trabajos actuales, de carácter investigativo sobre la hipertensión arterial.

Blacks and whites in the Cuba have equal prevalence of hypertension: confirmation from a new population survey

InvestigacionesPor: Pedro Ordúñez, Jay S Kaufman, Mikhail Benet, Alain Morejon, Luis C Silva, David A Shoham y Richard S Cooper.  BMC Public Health 2013, 13:169.

The excess burden of hypertension among blacks has been a prominent feature of the heath disparities literature, and many scientists presume it to be a stable and inevitable phenomenon. The underlying causes of this disparity can only be disentangled in a setting in which the population does not experience racial stratification of socioeconomic opportunities. While such conditions of racial equality remain uncommon, they may be approximated in Cuba, a country with a persistent policy of social inclusion over the last 5 decades.
Overall, skin color was unrelated to mean blood pressure or hypertensive status in this population, although among women specifically some racial advantage appears evident in adjusted prevalence and control, and should be investigated further. The overall null result suggests that Cuba may exemplify the social conditions in which racial excess in hypertension, characteristic of much of the western world, is not a necessary reality. [Actualizado: 02 de mayo 2013]

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Jueves 2 / mayo / 2013

Prevalence, risk factors and awareness of hypertension in India: a systematic review

Filed under: Editorial — Mario Hernández Cueto — mayo 2nd, 2013 — 7:59

Los trabajos y opiniones que aquí se exponen son orientadores de lo que se publica en Cuba y en el mundo sobre aspectos relevantes de la hipertensión arterial.

EditorialPrevalence, risk factors and awareness of hypertension in India: a systematic review

Por: P Devi, M Rao, A Sigamani, A Faruqui, M Jose, R Gupta, P Kerkar, R K Jain, R Joshi, N Chidambaram, D S Rao, S Thanikachalam, S S Iyengar, K Verghese, V Mohan, P Pais2 y D Xavier.  Journal of Human Hypertension (2013) 27, 281–287.

Indians have high rates of cardiovascular disease. Hypertension (HTN) is an important modifiable risk factor. There are no comprehensive reviews or a nationally representative study of the burden, treatments and outcomes of HTN in India. A systematic review was conducted to study the trends in prevalence, risk factors and awareness of HTN in India. We searched MEDLINE from January 1969 to July 2011 using prespecified medical subject heading (MeSH) terms. Of 3372 studies, 206 were included for data extraction and 174 were observational studies. Prevalence was reported in 48 studies with sample size varying from 206 to 167 331.
[Actualizado: 02 de mayo 2013]

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Miércoles 20 / marzo / 2013

Encuesta Nacional de Riesgo Cardiovascular 2012.

Filed under: prevalencia — Mario Hernández Cueto — marzo 20th, 2013 — 10:58

Encuesta Nacional de Riesgo Cardiovascular 2012. Realizada por el INHEM

Población total mayor de 15 años Más de 9 millones.

Hipertensos calculados: 2 594 741 (30.9%)  del total de la población mayor de 15 años.

Mujeres: 31.2%      Hombres: 30.6%

Urbano: 31.9%       Rural: 28%

Hipertensos conocidos: 1 881 187 del potencial de hipertensos

De la población mayor de 15 años: 27.5%

Hipertensos con tratamiento: 1 668 019 (del total de los hipertensos conocidos: 89.2%)

Hipertensos controlados: 924 585  (55.1% de los tratados: 1 668 019)

(49.2% de los conocidos: 1 881 187)

(37.6% del total de hipertensos potenciales: 2 594 741)

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