Tag Archive 'JNC 8'

Martes 7 / enero / 2014

2014 Evidence-Based Guideline for the Management of High Blood Pressure in Adults Report From the Panel Members Appointed to the Eighth Joint National Committee (JNC 8)

Filed under: comentario — Mario Hernández Cueto — enero 7th, 2014 — 11:07

2014 Evidence-Based Guideline for the Management of High Blood Pressure in Adults Report From the Panel Members Appointed to the Eighth Joint National Committee (JNC 8).

ComentandoPor: Paul A. James, MD; Suzanne Oparil, MD; Barry L. Carter, PharmD; William C. Cushman, MD; Cheryl Dennison-Himmelfarb, RN, ANP, PhD; Joel Handler, MD; Daniel T. Lackland, DrPH; Michael L. LeFevre,MD, MSPH; Thomas D. MacKenzie,MD, MSPH; Olugbenga Ogedegbe,MD, MPH, MS; Sidney C. Smith Jr, MD; Laura P. Svetkey,MD, MHS; Sandra J. Taler, MD; Raymond R. Townsend, MD; Jackson T.Wright Jr,MD, PhD; Andrew S. Narva y MD; Eduardo Ortiz, MD, MPH.

JAMA. doi:10.1001/jama.2013.284427

Hypertension is the most common condition seen in primary care and leads to myocardial infarction, stroke, renal failure, and death if not detected early and treated appropriately.
Patients want to be assured that blood pressure (BP) treatment will reduce their disease burden, while clinicians want guidance on hypertension management using the best scientific evidence.
This report takes a rigorous, evidence-based approach to recommend treatment thresholds, goals, and medications in the management of hypertension in adults. Evidence was drawn from randomized controlled trials, which represent the gold standard for determining efficacy and effectiveness. Evidence quality and recommendations were graded based on their effect on important outcomes.

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Martes 21 / mayo / 2013

JNC 2013: Simplified BP Goal in Sight

Filed under: noticia — Mario Hernández Cueto — mayo 21st, 2013 — 11:54

JNC 2013: Simplified BP Goal in Sight

Esfigmo digitalThe upcoming JNC 2013 update is likely to go with a hypertension treatment target of 140/90 mm Hg for all but older adults, a panel of experts on the guidelines committee suggested.

A “one-size-fits-most” goal seems to work well, although the higher target is defensible for patients over age 60, particularly those past 80, Raymond Townsend, MD, of the University of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia, told attendees here at the American Society of Hypertension meeting.

He unofficially reviewed the available evidence base for the latest Joint National Committee on Prevention, Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Pressure guidelines, formerly known as JNC-8 and now renamed JNC 2013.

Although the presentation indicates a commitment to getting the new guidelines out within the year, it’s still not clear when the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute will release the document, William Cushman, MD, of the VA Medical Center in Memphis, Tenn., told MedPage Today. He was involved with the guidelines but did not speak at the session.

The major question facing the committee this time around was the treatment target, ASH president-elect Domenic Sica, MD, commented in an interview.

The JNC-7 recommended less than 140/90 mm Hg overall and 130/80 mm Hg in the presence of diabetes, heart failure, or chronic kidney disease. Townsend suggested simplification to a single target in JNC 2013.

“At the end of the day when you boil all this down, you look at the general population, you look at the patients with diabetes, you look at the patients with chronic kidney disease, it turns out the wisdom we’ve used in the past, which we’ve been arguing about for the past decade, turns out to have been fairly wise,” Townsend said.

When asked how to reconcile the stricter American Heart Association and American College of Cardiology guidelines targeting 130/80 mm Hg for blood pressure control, Suzanne Oparil, MD, of the University of Alabama at Birmingham, noted that an update to those guidelines is due out within the next few months as well.

“Without being specific, they’ve pushed back, or pushed up, thresholds and goals for treatment,” she commented. Oparil is a member of both committees.

“Cardiologists are very aggressive, but when we looked back at the evidence, the evidence wasn’t there and … careful analyses of large trials in high-risk people showed that you can do harm from lowering blood pressure too much,” Oparil told the audience.

“JNC is strictly evidence based with some necessity for expert opinion where there is no evidence. We don’t feel obliged to reconcile our recommendations with anybody else’s,” she added.

That’s part of the reason the guidelines won’t dive too deeply into pharmacology, “such as beta-alpha versus beta alone, simply because there’s just not a lot of data to let us do that,” Townsend noted. “So we tended to be a little more generic rather than specific and we tried to provide recommendations that are both defensible as well as actionable.”

However, most of the comments at the session centered on the relative ranking of beta-blockers in therapy lines.

“Based on recent guidelines, but not necessarily JNC-8, the degree of blood pressure reduction achieved, and not the initial anti-hypertensive class of agents chosen, is more important for improving cardiovascular outcome in those with hypertension,” Barry Carter, PharmD, of the University of Iowa in Iowa City, concluded in his talk on pharmacology elements of JNC 2013.

He and all the other committee members at the conference were diligent in stating the opinions expressed were their own.

Nevertheless, reading between the lines probably isn’t too hard when all the component evidence is already known, Cushman acknowledged.

Although written and awaiting the final go-ahead, he suggested the paper isn’t likely to publish before June.

Henry Black, MD, of NYU Langone Medical Center in New York City, who wasn’t on the current committee, blamed the Institute of Medicine for prompting a much more intensive evidence review. “It took us 3 months on JNC-7; it has taken 3 years for JNC 2013,” he said

(Fuente: www.medpagetoday.com) [Actualizado: 21 de mayo 2013]

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